Internal Medicine is a branch of medicine that aims to preserve and restore the health of the patient and studies the physical, chemical and biological processes of life, structures and functions of the body, causes and mechanisms of disease, and means of diagnosis, treatment and their prevention, with a focus on diseases and pathology of the internal organs of the animal body. The specialty of internal medicine involves the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases that affect one or more internal organs. The internal medicine doctor has the competence to fully evaluate the patient and to indicate the appropriate treatment, medicinal or surgical, including non-invasive or surgical treatments.
Within the internal medicine office, patients can benefit from the diagnosis and treatment of acute medical diseases:
- clinical, functional and imaging diagnosis, as well as the treatment of lung diseases (asthma, chronic obstructive bronchitis, pneumonia, pleurisy);
- diagnosis of heart disease (hypertension, ischemic heart disease, heart rhythm disorders such as: atrial fibrillation, valvopathy), management of cardiovascular risk factors, with assessment of cardiovascular risk and delayed progression of heart failure;
- diagnosis and treatment of digestive disorders (chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, ulcer disease, gastroesophageal reflux disease, gallstones, jaundice);
- diagnosis of kidney disease (urinary tract infections, kidney stones and their therapy);
- diagnosis and treatment of urological diseases:
Urology is the medical and surgical specialty that deals with the treatment and diagnosis of male and female urinary tract diseases. The organs whose diseases are studied by urology are kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, bladder, urethra and reproductive organs of men: testicles, epididymis, vas deferens, seminal vesicles, prostate and penis.
- diagnosis of anemic syndrome;
- diagnosis and treatment of systemic diseases (systemic vasculitis, autoimmune diseases – autoimmune anemia, autoimmune thrombocytopenia, Type 1 diabetes, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, Multiple sclerosis, autoimmune hepatitis, Myasthenia Gravis, Dermatomyositis, Addison’s disease, Hair biliary cirrhosis, Syndrome with fever of unknown etiology); patients with severe conditions and complex medical problems;
- diagnosis of rheumatic diseases: rheumatoid arthritis, gout, collagenases (lupus erythematosus, scleroderma), vasculitis; periodic health check-ups; abdominal ultrasounds and dietary recommendations, diets for those who are overweight and diabetics.
- diagnosis and treatment of endocrinological diseases: Pituitary or adrenal Cushing’s syndrome (hyperadenocorticism), primary or secondary Addison’s disease (hypoadenocorticism), diabetes mellitus, insulinoma, hyperthyroidism in cats, hypothyroidism in dogs, congenital hypogonadism.
- diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases:
Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the central, peripheral and vegetative nervous system.
The causes of neurological diseases are various: vascular, inflammatory, degenerative, toxic, metabolic, etc.
The diagnosis of a neurological condition requires a careful history, a neurological and general clinical examination, as well as various paraclinical investigations (laboratory tests, imaging investigations) adapted to each type of pathology, as well as the patient’s personal characteristics.
Neurological conditions include: headaches, epilepsy, strokes, multiple sclerosis, and other disorders of the peripheral and cranial nerves, myasthenia gravis.
- Diagnosis and treatment of ENT diseases:
ENT means otorhinolaryngology, and the main diseases that are treated in our hospital are those of the nose, throat, ears.
We cannot strictly separate the diseases related to each of these organs, because most of the diseases of one affect them all, for example, when the patient has a runny nose, he usually coughs, and a cold can be easily complicated by otitis, especially the chicken.
The most common diseases specific to each organ are:
- nose: rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucosa, manifested by runny or stuffed nose);
- sore throat: tonsillitis (cough, inflammation of the tonsils, infections);
- ears: otitis (inflammation of the middle ear and eardrum, manifested mainly by pain in the ear and worse, leakage of fluid from the ear).
Signs that your pet is suffering from a more severe ENT condition than just a cold are:
- symptoms that last more than 7 days, despite the applied treatment;
- severity of symptoms; for example, a fever that increases instead of decreasing, despite the treatment;
- the appearance of special symptoms: dizziness, visual disturbances, intolerance to light or noise, fainting;
The following manifestations warn you that this is more than just a cold and that you should go to the doctor with the animal:
- nose: quite frequent runny nose (more than 3-4 times / day, 2-3 days) the discharge that leaks from the nose looks like pus (yellow-green);
- the neck:
– it is very hoarse, changes in barking or meowing
– submandibular lymph nodes increased in volume
– swollen tonsils and bad breath
– almost unable to swallow food due to sore throat or swelling;
- the ears:
– if you think your pet can’t hear well anymore
– scratches insistently in the ears, the external flag is inflamed and red, has lesions
– fluid, blood or pus flows from his ear;
In order to prevent diseases in the ENT sphere, but also during them, it is good to avoid keeping the animals in the current, letting them ride with their heads out the window, to pay special attention to the ears when bathing your pet, as well as after baths in lakes, rivers, sea, and to go to a regular check-up to make sure that your pet does not suffer from these problems, at the first signs contact your veterinarian.
- nasopharyngeal endoscopy (Outsourced service…)
- ear cleaning
- othematoma surgical remedy
- microscopic otological examinations and on culture media
- diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases.
Since the establishment of the Veterinary School, in the curriculum offered in 1861, one of the four disciplines was represented by Epidemic and Sticky Diseases: In the 150 years of evolution of Bucharest veterinary education, the study of communicable diseases has become an exhaustive field, being carried out in several disciplines, including Infectious diseases and preventive medicine, through the economic, social and public health impact is the most important component of veterinary education, subject to legislative regulations in the field of veterinary education and national veterinary policies and international, as well as the subject of international monitoring and reporting.Infectious disease (contagious disease) is a disease caused by a biological agent (virus, bacteria, parasite, fungus, insect). Infectious diseases affect humans and animals by penetrating the body through transmission directly from individual to individual or through vectors. In addition to the pathology of the isolated individual, they can have epidemiological importance, by affecting the population: outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics. The infectious agent enters the body through an entrance gate that can be:
- respiratory (flu, pneumonia, plague, scabies (Distemper virus), canine infectious bronchopneumonia, canine parainfluenza, etc.)
- food (digestive) – bacterial and viral gastroenteritis, intestinal parasites, some streptococci, etc.
- cutaneous – through the skin and mucous membranes-certain parasites, mycoses, staphylococci, gonorrhea, etc.
- through sexual contact (venereal diseases, chlamydia, etc.)
- by contact with secretions and feces: saliva, urine, feces (influenza, streptococcosis, pneumonia, infectious mononucleosis, canine parvovirus, Canine Distemper Virus, canine rubarth hepatitis, canine leptospirosis, canine parainfluenza, feline canine and feline virus, panic infection) , Feline Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline Leukemogen Virus, etc.)
- occult (blepharitis-newborn ocular gonorrhea, chlamydia, etc.)
- Babesiosis (infestation with haemoparasites Babesia Spp. By the tick)
- Hemobartonellosis (flea infestation)
- Heartworm disease (infestation is caused by mosquitoes)
- diagnosis and treatment of dermatological diseases
Dermatology aims to diagnose and treat:
- skin diseases and its appendages
- sexually transmitted infections
The conditions that can be diagnosed and treated are:
- nail diseases
- allergic dermatoses: urticaria, eczema, atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, etc.
- bacterial skin infections (impetigo, erysipelas, cellulitis, infected cysts, etc.), viral (herpes simplex, shingles, warts, etc.) or fungal (candidiasis)
- collagenosis (lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, etc.)
- pemfigus vulgar, pemfigoid bulos etc.
- benign tumors: papilloma, nevi (moles), cysts, lipomas, etc.
- malignant tumors: basal cell carcinomas, squamous cell carcinomas, etc.
In our hospital patients can benefit from electrocautery treatment of skin lesions (papilloma, warts).